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Health Risks From VOCs Found in Common Household Products

VOCs from common household products, like common cleaning products, compromise indoor air quality and negatively impact human health.

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VOCs household products health risks

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Did you know that everyday-use cleaning products in your home contribute to indoor air pollution? As a result, these common household products are affecting the health of you and your family. Cleaning products, and the air pollutants they produce, are often unregulated. This is a serious issue that should have consumers up in arms—especially when considering the potential health risks. VOCs from household products is an important indoor source to tackle in your space. 

VOCs Are Air Pollutants

According to Science Direct, air pollutants “are airborne substances (either solids, liquids, or gases) that occur in concentrations high enough to threaten the health of people and animals, to harm vegetation and structures, or to toxify a given environment.” Common air pollutants include lead, ground-level ozone, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are another common air pollutant.

VOCs are gases emitted from certain solids and liquids. As a gaseous pollutant, they are invisible, sometimes odorless and frequently ignored by homeowners. VOCs include a variety of recognizable chemicals such as benzene, ethylene glycol, formaldehyde, methylene chloride and tetrachloroethylene. 

Indoor Air Pollution: VOCs are a common air pollutant that impacts both indoor air quality and your health. But, what is the science of VOCs? How are they emitted? What is off-gassing? And why are VOCs in household products? Read our VOC breakdown here

Household Cleaning Products and Air Pollutants

There are several household products that contribute to indoor air pollution, such as pesticides and building materials. In addition, common, frequently-used cleaning products are a significant VOC source. Let’s take a look at some of the most common household cleaning products and the air pollutants they produce. And yes, you’ll find that a majority of household products emit VOCs. 

Cleaning ProductsVOCs
Furniture and Floor PolishesAcetone
Upholstery and Carpet CleanersParticulate Matter,
Xylene, Tripolyphosphate
Disinfectants and SanitizersIsopropyl Alcohol
AerosolsMethylene Chloride, Toluene,
2-Butoxyethanol, Ethylbenzene,
Tetrachloroethylene,
Camphene and Limonene
Chlorine BleachChloroform, Methyl Chloroform
Dishwasher LiquidsTriclosan, Formaldehyde

How VOCs Impact Human Health 

Air pollutants like VOCs can have mild, moderate and severe effects on human health. It depends on the length of exposure, precisely what chemicals or products are used and if one has pre-existing health conditions.

In fact, common household products and the subsequent VOC exposure may be responsible for 340,000 to 900,000 premature deaths each year, according to a recent study. Daily cleaning products, paints and adhesives, pesticides are all household products that emit VOCs into the air.

Cleaning supplies in particular emit particle-forming VOCs that contribute to PM2.5 production. In other words, these VOCs mutate and stick together to create anthropogenic secondary organic aerosols (ASOAs). Prolonged exposure to PM2.5 is linked to reduced lung function, the development of lung cancer, and an increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease. 

Common symptoms as a result of exposure to air pollutants include: 

Acute
  • Eye, nose and throat irritation 
  • Coughing 
  • Headaches 
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Increase in allergy and asthma symptoms
  • Fatigue
Chronic
  • Liver and kidney damage 
  • Damage to the reproductive, respiratory and central nervous systems 
  • Cancer 
  • Premature death

Controlling VOCs Indoors

There are a million and one household products on the market today. In order to protect your family’s health and limit indoor air pollution, you must choose wisely! A clean home is not worth the risk of headaches, kidney damage or premature death. A clean home must also be a healthy home. Opting for non-toxic products and storing chemicals carefully are helpful steps. Furthermore, it’s important that consumers unite to challenge the limited regulations of these products and the air pollutants they emit.

Source Control: Helpful source control and ventilation tips to limit volatile organic compounds’ power in your indoor space. Learn more about how to reduce off-gassing chemicals and VOC emissions in your home

And in addition to these source control and advocacy steps, VOCs from household products can also be targeted with IAQ solutions. Upgrading your home filtration system to include a secondary gas-phase filter that targets VOCs or installing a whole-home air purifier are wildly efficient solutions to consider.

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